Social Process

Social Process Types & Examples

Social Process 

Social processes refer to the steps of establishing social relationships that occur repeatedly throughout an individual’s life. During a lifetime a person interacts with other people in society permanently or temporarily, as human beings are social creatures. There are several forms of social interaction such as cooperation, conflict, competition, and accommodation, etc. By social processes, we understand the ways in which individuals and groups establish and establish social relationships.

Social processes can be either negative or positive. Social processes have therefore been categorized into two broad categories, namely ‘conjunctive and disjunctive,’ ‘associative and dissociative.’ These positive categories can discuss into three major social processes as- cooperation, accommodation, and assimilation.

Social Process

Social Process starts from childhood                     Source:Church of the King

The social process is basically all about how people interact socially with each other in reality, which is shaped by perceptions, communications, and evaluations.

We can exemplify this as-

Marriage is regarded as a social status rather than a relationship in Bangladesh. Parents of society here especially want their girl to marry a government or successful job holder as this increases the social status of their family. Although many or most Bengali couples undoubtedly do love each other, saying “I love you” does not come easily to them, especially in front of family members.

This is all about Bengali society’s perceptions and assessments of social change. Because the scenario in Bengali society a few decades ago was quite different. Parents were looking for a reputable family for marriage or kinship at the time.

That is to say, it is a dynamic process that is constantly evolving. All kinds of social institutions that engage with society always going through some changes with social interaction, situation, time period, and that path we can call social process.


Cooperation is a fundamental social interaction in which two or more individuals or social groups collaborate to ensure effective communication and achieve a common goal. (More…)


Adaptation or adjustment is the way of life that people can properly survive. Accommodation refers to the process of social adjustment, which is similar but not identical to the biological adjustment process. (More…)

Society Image By Theodore Goutas

What is society? What are the characteristics of society?


The term “society” refers to a group of people who are in reciprocal relationships. We can define it as-

A large number of people who live in the same area,  who have similarities or likeliness in need, activities, ideals, norms, values, etc., differences in appearance, personality, talents, attitudes, etc., and members cooperate and share common interests.

In his book Sociology, Richard T. Schaefer (2013) defined society as a group of people who live in the same area but are different and independent from the people in other areas and share the same culture.

We can compare society with one of the primitive creations of human beings. Because from the beginning of group life in primitive period, human society had begun a new chapter of social life.

To be a society, there must be a group of people and there must be an organized or unorganized, direct or indirect relationship between them. Conflict and revolution also part of societies. From Marx and other dialectic theorists, we learn more about the social order formation which rises from conflict. Societies are viewed by social evolution theorists through the lens of biological evolution theory. They believe that societies have evolved in the same way that humans and other animals have.

There are millions of social systems in the world but all of them have gone through social change. That is why we see a kind of social system in Asia but not in Europe or Africa.

Characteristics of Society

  • Composed of People
  • Continuous reciprocal interactions and interrelationship among members
  • Likeliness or similarity like need, activities, ideals values, etc.
  • Differences like looks, personality, talents, attitudes, etc.
  • Members have cooperation and shared common interests
  • Responsibilities held by means of division of labors

For instance-

In south-east Asia, Bangladesh’s social system evolved in response to the agrarian economy of the country. Society here consists of a single or joint patriarchal family. The head of the society of the village is elected (land ownership, political representation, economic power, education, and other factors all have an impact on this process) from the head of the families and he decides on social customs, rituals, values, principle, resolution of conflict and so on.

Society Image By Theodore Goutas

                                                             A happy family captured in Rural Society of Bangladesh. Source: Theodore Goudas

When we look at Europe, we see education, administration, industrialization, and a modern system of conscious urban society not like the traditional social system in South Asia. Again, the traditional aspects of society can still be seen, despite the economic abundance of the Arab social system.